This quick guide explains the steps you need to set up and connect to WiFi using terminal in Arch Linux and other distros.
This guide is ideal for those scenarios where you are stuck with a terminal without any GUI and no other wired internet connectivity is available. These steps help you to manually detect the wireless card, device and connect to the WiFi hotspot with password authentication via terminal.
This guide uses iwd (Net Wireless Daemon) to connect to WiFi via terminal.
Connect to WiFi Using Terminal in Arch Linux and Other Distros
iwd package comes with three main modules.
iwctl : The wireless client
iwd: The Daemon
iwmon : Monitoring tool
On the terminal type –
If you get a command not found, then you need to download the package from here. So get help from any other system connected to the internet to download the package and install via mounting the USB.
Alternatively, if you have a USB dongle then plugin and install via the below commands. The USB dongle should work out of the box in Arch and most Linux systems today to connect to the internet.
pacman -S iwd
Debian, Ubuntu, and other similar distributions
sudo apt-get install iwd
sudo dnf install iwd
If you get an
iwctl prompt (like below), then proceed to the next step.
Run the below command to get your system’s wireless device name.
To get the list of WiFi networks, run the below command. Replace
wlan0 with your device name on the below command and all the following commands.
station wlan0 get-networks
The command gives you the list of available WiFi network with security type and signal strength.
To connect to the WiFi network, run the below command with the WiFi access point name from the above “get-networks” command.
station wlan0 connect
Enter your WiFi password when prompted.
If all goes well you should be connected to the internet.
You can check the connection using a simple ping command as follows. The ping replies successful packet transfers for a stable connection.
ping -c 3 google.com
You can also check the status of the connection using the below command.
station wlan0 show
The iwd keeps the configuration file at
/var/lib/iwd as a
.psk file with your access point name.
This file contains a hash file that is generated using the password and SSID of your WiFi network.
CTRL+D to leave from the iwctl prompt.
I hope this guide helps you to connect to the internet via terminal. This helps when you have no other way to connect to WiFi. For example, if you are installing Arch Linux in a stand-alone system (not a VM) you need to connect to the internet for downloading packages via terminal using
If you face any trouble, mention the error messages in the comment box below.